How to make a texture looks darker?

The origin image is below, I set it to my scene background:
But I want it looks darker like below, how can I achive:
My code is:

  var textureLoader = new THREE.TextureLoader();
  var texture = textureLoader.load('./3d/xxx.png');
  texture.encoding = THREE.sRGBEncoding;
  scene.background = texture

If you use Scene.background with a texture, there is no way to change the color or intensity of the rendered background. You have to update the texture itself.

Can I simulate Scene.background effect through the PlaneGeometry, and then what I need to do?

  var planeGeometry = new THREE.PlaneGeometry(50, 100)
  var planeMaterial = new THREE.MeshLambertMaterial({ color: 0x222222 })
  var textureLoader = new THREE.TextureLoader();
  textureLoader.load("./3d/xxx.png", function (map) { = map;
  var plane = new THREE.Mesh(planeGeometry, planeMaterial)

You have several options, if you don’t use the scene’s background:

  • use another canvas to draw your image and manipulate it there, and then get it as a texture via CanvasTexture
  • use the .color property of the material to “tint” your image (everything bar white works here) and make it darker, or the .emissive property to make it lighter
  • place another .transparent and using partial .opacity mesh colored black or similar in front of your original mesh
  • although this has an effect on the overall image / WGL canvas, a color matrix filter that you can adapt from this:
          <filter id="colormatrix">
            <feColorMatrix color-interpolation-filters="sRGB" type="matrix" values="1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00  0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00  0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00  0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00" />
        <canvas id="yourthreejsorothercanvas"></canvas>

can be used to alter all kinds of things on the element it acts on (similar to other CSS methods), via commands similar to document.querySelector("#colormatrix feColorMatrix").setAttribute("values", [1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0].join(" "));.

As far as I can tell, you could simulate a background via a plane geometry, but then, if, say, you rotate the camera in your scene, you’d need to rotate the plane in the same direction and amount as well, in order to keep it facing the camera at all times. So, when it comes to this issue, it would be better to use a Sprite instead - its material is a bit limited compared to others, but maybe it will be enough for your needs in this case.